What You have to Know about Dark Web?
A subset of the deep web, dark web is the World Wide Web content that exists on darknets, overlay networks, which use the public Internet but require particular software, configurations or authorization to access. It is a fraction of the Web that is not indexed by search engines and the sites are efficiently hidden so it can only be accessed when the address of the site is known. Once special markets operate within the dark web, they are referred to as darknet markets and they often sell illegal products, like drugs and firearms that are paid for in the cryptocurrency Bitcoin.
The dark web has almost complete anonymity, which makes it a preferred place for groups who want to stay hidden online from governments and law enforcement agencies. Some whistleblowers use the dark web to communicate with journalists, but it is often used by pedophile groups, terrorists and criminals to keep their dealings secret. There are numerous ways to gain access, like the use of Tor (The Onion Router), Freenet and I2P (Internet Visible Project).
The most popular among the three, Tor is one of the easiest software packages to utilize as it can be downloaded as bundle software that consists of version of Firefox configured specifically to use Tor. It gives anonymity and secrecy as it passes messages via network of connected Tor relays that are specially configured computers. The messages that hop from one node to another are encrypted to ensure that each relay merely knows about the machine that sent the message and the machine it is being sent to.
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In place of using conventional web addresses, Tor uses “onion” address so as to further obscure the content. Some special versions of search engines like Bing and Duck Duck Go are designed to return onion addresses for Tor services. Regardless of being hidden, Tor is not totally anonymous since it can be accessed and potential information about who accessed it, including username and email address, can be found because it is shared. In order to be completely anonymous, you have to use special anonymity services to hide your identity.
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Web services won’t happen to popular if there is a means to pay them and this is often done using Bitcoin. It is a peer-to-peer digital currency that regulates itself according to network software. It is made even harder to track Bitcoin on the web by using “mixing services” and Bitcoin transactions are effectively hidden totally.
The dark web is often utilized by activists or people who are just concerned in maintaining their privacy and journalists have used it in the past to talk with whistleblowers. It could be considered innocuous, but some prosecutors and government agencies have used it to locate criminal activities.